How to obtain a residence permit in Russia?
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Below you will find a description of the procedure to apply for a permanent residence permit together with a list of the documents required for such application. The application procedure consists of 2 stages.
Stage 1. Temporary residence permit (TRP)
- If a foreign citizen is married to a citizen of the Russian Federation with permanent residence in the Russian Federation, no quota for TRP is required;
- TRPs are valid for 3 years and cannot be renewed;
- The Federal Migration Service (FMS) issues TRPs within 6 months of the date of filing TRP applications;
- Foreign citizens must submit in person the documents required to apply for a TRP. These required documents must be filed with the local office of the FMS of Russia at the place of alleged residence or with the diplomatic representation or consular institution of the Russian Federation in the country of residence.
Documents for temporary residence permit in Russia:
1. Application for temporary residence permit (Appendix No. 3 to Administrative Regulations approved by FMS Order No. 214 dated April 22, 2013) - in 2 originals;
2. Two photos in black and white or color (size 35 x 45 mm);
3. A passport (identification document);
4. A document issued by a competent authority in the country of habitual residence certifying that the applicant has no criminal record. This document must be issued at the latest 3 months before submission of the application for TRP;
5. Residence permit or other document issued by a competent authority in the applicant’s country of origin confirming that the applicant does not live in his/her country of nationality;
6. Medical certificates:
- A document issued by a competent authority in the applicant’s country of origin or by a health body in the Russian Federation confirming the absence of disease, drug addiction and infectious diseases which could constitute a danger to others as specified in the list approved by Decree No. 384н of the Russian Ministry of Health dated June 29, 2015.
- Certificate confirming that the applicant has no disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
7. Documents certifying the applicant’s knowledge of the Russian language, Russian history and basic principles of Russian legislation, in particular, a certificate of proficiency in Russian, knowledge of Russian history and basic principles of Russian legislation; a document certifying education level (not lower than basic general education) issued by an educational institution on the territory of a state which was part of the USSR before September 01, 1991; a document certifying education level and/or qualification issued to people who successfully passed final attestation in the Russian Federation after September 01, 1991.
Such documents are not required if applicants are men over the age of sixty-five or women over the age of sixty, as well as participants in state programs and their family members.
8. Foreign nationals to whom a permit may be issued without quota should submit supporting documents. (those married to a Russian citizen with place of residence in the Russian Federation should provide a marriage certificate and the passport of the spouse, Russian citizen).
9. The state duty for TRP processing is 1,600 rubles.
Foreign documents must be legalized and notarized, and if documents are in a foreign language, they must be submitted with their notarized translation. Copies of all documents are also required.
Foreign nationals residing temporarily in the Russian Federation must register at their place of residence and at their place of stay (immigration registration).
Every year within 2 months of the date of receipt of their TRP, foreign citizens must submit to their local FMS office a notice to confirm their residence in the Russian Federation, and they must use the notice form approved by Russian Government Decree No. 21 dated January 17, 2007 to do so. An income certificate, a copy of tax return or other documents confirming the foreign citizen’s amount and source of income for the year following the date of receipt of TRP should be submitted together with the notice.
A foreign citizen temporarily residing in the Russian Federation on the basis of a TRP may on his/her own neither change his/her place of residence in the Russian Federation to a place of residence different from that specified in his/her TRP, nor choose a place of residence outside the constituent of the Russian Federation specified in his/her TRP.
Stage 2. Permanent residence permit (PRP)
Applications for PRP may be filed when:
- a temporary residence permit was received more than 6 months before application;
- the temporary residence permit is still valid for more than 6 months.
- PRPs are valid for 5 years.
- The FMS issues PRP within 6 months of the date of filing applications for PRP.
- PRPs may be renewed for 5 years without no limit on the number of renewal times.
- Applications for PRP and application for extension of their term should be filed with the local office f the FMS of Russia.
- Foreign citizens applying for a PRP must first have resided in Russia for at least 1 year on the basis of a TRP.
Documents for permanent residence permit in Russia:
1. Application for permanent residence permit (Appendix No. 3 to Administrative Regulations approved by FMS Order No.215 dated April 22, 2013) - in 2 originals;
2. Four photos in black and white or color (size 35 x 45 mm);
3. A passport (identification document);
4. A document confirming the availability of a legitimate source of income that allows supporting the applicant in the Russian Federation at a subsistence minimum, or a document certifying the applicant’s disability (certificate of personal income; certificate from place of work; pension certificate; proof of alimony; proof of income of dependent persons; document confirming the payment of tax on individual income in the form of a fixed advance payment as prescribed by Russian law, or any other document confirming disability or receipt of income from activities not prohibited by law);
5. A document confirming the availability of residential premises as provided by Russian law if the information contained in this document is not at the disposal of state and local authorities (to be provided by foreign citizens applying 3 years after their date of entry into the Russian Federation);
6. Medical certificates:
- A document issued by an authorized healthcare institution of the Russian Federation confirming the absence of disease, drug addiction and infectious diseases which could constitute a danger to others as specified in the approved list of infectious diseases used as the basis for rejecting or canceling temporary residence permits to foreign citizens and stateless persons, or permanent residence permits, or work permits;
- Certificate confirming that the applicant has no disease caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
7. The state duty for PRP processing is 3,500 rubles.
Foreign citizens with a PRP must register at their place of residence and at their place of stay (immigration registration).
Foreign citizens permanently living in the Russian Federation on the basis of a PRP must notify their local FMS office every year to confirm their residence in the Russian Federation, and they must use the notice form approved by Russian Government Decree No. 21 dated January 17, 2007 to do so.